1 ° The search for devices and ground preparation
The land to be freed from unexploded ordnance (UXO) is divided into grids. The eviction teams, work along the grids with metal detectors to identify objects and free the devices. The teams primarily clean up farmland. The area is then freed to a minimum of 2.5 meters allowing safe processing of the tractor and buffalo-drawn plows traditionally used for this work in Laos. A portable metal detector (as in the photo) detects metal fragments up to 60 cm deep. To perform in-depth analysis, various detectors such as Ebinger are used, which has a range of about 2m. When a metal detector identifies the presence of metal, the place is marked on the ground and transcribed on a map with the help of a GPS.
The extraction of unexploded ordnance from the ground is a potentially dangerous job and requires strong nerves and patience. Fragments of metal present in the ground are identified, but we can not know which of these are devices or simple metal, we must first extract them from the ground. Then the ground is excavated using a special blade, until you discover the nature of the object, once identified it will be decided whether to remove it or destroy it.
3 ° Destruction of the device
Depending on the type of bomb and where it is located, the team decides whether to destroy it on the spot or move it to a safer place. In some cases it is decided to remove the primer before proceeding to destruction.
4 ° Advise the villagers
Safety is at the base of everything for the demining team operations. The team ensures that all inhabitants have been evacuated before the removal or detonation of the device.
To conclude, press the button and another bomb will be destroyed.